Pinene is actually of two different types, alpha and beta. Alpha pinene carries a scent of rosemary or pine needles while the beta variety smells like hops, basil, rosemary, parsley, or dill. Pinene, like other terpenes namely limonene and myrcene, is found in cannabis, and many other non-cannabis plants including pine woods, balsamic resin, and even some citrus fruits. It is actually one of the commonest terpene in the plant world.
The medical efficacy of pinene includes increased mental energy and focus. It also acts as a bronchodilator, which makes it useful for people suffering from asthma and various other respiratory conditions. It can even been used as a topic antiseptic. The most promising application of the terpene is in its power to reduce the size of cancerous tumors.
How Does It Achieve This?
The magical power of pinene comes from the ability to cross the barrier between blood and brain. Once it gets to the brain, pinene affects the neurotransmitters such that it results in enhanced memory. It has also been shown to inhibit the influence of THC, which is an example of the entourage effect that results in reduced adverse psychological reactions or paranoia when the cannabinoid is consumed in great quantities.
How Long Has It Been In Use?
The power of pinene is hardly new. Cultures from different parts of the world have used plants containing massive quantities of pinene like sage and rosemary for thousands of years to preserve and enhance memory. It is only today that researchers are starting to investigate how pinene manages to achieve all this in the brain. Companies who manufacture plant based extracts will offer pinene for wholesale, and it will be used in product formulations all over the world.
The Studies Backing the Medical Efficacy Claims
A study published in ‘Inhalation Toxicology’ in 2002 revealed that alpha pinene is quite an effective bronchodilator, which means that it opens the airways of the upper respiratory system. This makes plants rich in pinene valid treatments for diseases such as asthma.
A study undertaken by the Northeast Forestry University in China in 2011 found that the anti-microbial properties of pinene mean that it can be used to treat viral and bacterial infections. The conclusion of the study was that it could be an effective treatment for the virus bronchitis, which is much harder to treat than conventional bacterial infections.
A 2011 study published in the British Journal of Pharmacology, which was undertaken by Ethan Russo involving alpha pinene revealed that it has anti-inflammatory properties and could be an effective treatment for inflammation related diseases such as multiple sclerosis, Chron’s, arthritis, and cancer. The conclusion of the study was that alpha pinene delivers therapeutic value.
A study was undertaken in 2012 examining the role of pinene in modulating inflammation in regards to Acute Pancreatitis, a complex inflammation disorder with no known cause. The study concluded that pinene does have anti-inflammatory effects on controlled Acute Pancreatitis.
A study done in 2013 revealed that pinene can reduce the size of cancerous tumors and acts as an anti-cancer agent and an anti-oxidative. A study done in 2014 involving alpha pinene revealed that it can be an effective anti-cancer medication. The conclusion of the study was that alpha pine can be potentially useful as an anti-cancer drug.
As early as 2005, it was known that pinene has the power to inhibit the activity of acetylcholinesterase in the brain, which has been shown to be responsible for increasing memory retention.
Pinene is a terpene with many medicinal benefits. It is not only proving to be a potentially powerful anti-inflammatory but it has also been shown to offer many other significant medicinal benefits such as cancer treatment and memory enhancement.